Darpa: Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

Direct Impacts: Direct impacts refer to all jobs, wages, and business revenues supported through defense Procurement Contract spending.

Indirect Impacts: Indirect impacts refer to additional business revenues, jobs, and wages supported through supply chain transactions throughout the economy. Examples of indirect impacts may include jobs among second tier suppliers to a manufacturer contracted with the Department of Defense.

Induced Impacts: Additional economic activities accrue through the spending of income earned through prime and supplier defense contracts. These additional impacts, referred to as induced impacts, materialize in household purchases in such areas as housing, healthcare, recreational activities, retail and groceries, and restaurants.

Installations: Direct impacts refer to all jobs, wages, and business revenues supported through defense Procurement Contract spending.

Procurement: Procurement refers to both defense contracts and grants. Contracts include purchases of goods and services, while grants includes grant funding for defense-related research.

Adjustment Rate: Enter the desired adjustment to contract spending, either as a dollar value or as a percentage of total contract spending.


Industry: Industry adjustments will simulate the effects to economic activity in Washington state, based on an adjustment to direct defense contract activity, as prescribed in the inputs here. For example, if you simulate a reduction of 10% to Other Construction activity - you will see total economic activity in the Other Construction industry drop by 10% throughout the state, as well as a smaller reduction to economic activity in other industries based on secondary impacts.


Location: Statewide or county adjustments will simulate the effects to economic activity in Washington state, based on an adjustment to direct defense contract activity, as prescribed in the inputs here. For example, if you simulate a reduction of 10% to activity in King County - you will see total economic activity in King County drop by 10%, as well as a smaller reduction to economic activity in other counties across the state based on secondary impacts.


Military Bases: Military base (installation) adjustments will simulate the effects to economic activity in Washington state, based on an adjustment to services contracts, as prescribed in the inputs here. For example, if you simulate a reduction of 10% to Joint Base Lewis McCord - you will see simulated effects throughout counties and industries in the state, based on the direct and secondary impacts of those services contracts.


Secondary Impacts: Secondary impacts refer to the combined indirect and induced impacts of defense contract spending in Washington state.


Strategic Initiatives: Strategic initiatives refer to both specific programs and strategic themes of particular interest within the defense industry.


Dependency: Dependency is a measure of a firm's reliance on Washington defense contracts. Firms are grouped into categories of high, medium and low based on the weighted average of dependence between 2014 and 2016. Dependence is the ratio of Washington contract revenue by year to total annual revenue by year.


NAICS: North American Industry Classification System. This system is used across federal, state and local agencies in defining business establishments and activities.


Supply Chain Relationships: Transactions between providers of goods and services and higher-tier manufacturers. One example is the sale of composites materials to an aircraft manufacturer. Supply chain relationships support jobs and economic activity among suppliers through the sale of goods and services to higher-tier manufacturers or original equipment manufacturers, or 'OEMs.'


Firms shown on this page represent place of performance, not necessarily vendor location. Number of firms reported per county and/or zip code on the overview map page, which displays vendor location, may not align with the number of firms reported on this page.

All revenue and contractor location data is directly from the U.S. Office of Management and Budget, and not modeled results. Impact estimates include adjustments not reflected in this data.

Suppy Chain Purchases: Supply chain purchases refer to the inter-industry purchases made, or business-to-business transactions.

Prime: A prime contractor has prime responsibility for a contract, through completion. The prime contractor may hire and manage subcontractors as necessary to complete the project.

Sub: A subcontractor is hired by a prime contractor to perform specific tasks to contribute to a larger project.

Impact Multipliers: Impact multipliers describe the ripple effects of the direct, indirect and induced impacts of defense spending across the Washington state economy.

Direct Revenue: Direct revenue refers to all business revenues supported through defense Procurement Contract spending.

Dependency: Dependency is a measure of a firm's reliance on Washington defense contracts. Firms are grouped into categories of high, medium and low based on the weighted average of dependence between 2014 and 2016. Dependence is the ratio of Washington contract revenue by year to total annual revenue by year.

Fiscal Impact: Fiscal impacts refer to the taxes paid to Washington state supported by the direct, indirect and induced impacts of Defense Contracts in Washington state.

Jobs: Explore the direct, indirect and induced impacts of Defense Contracts in Washington state in terms of jobs.

Occupations: Explore the direct, indirect and induced impacts of Defense Contracts in Washington state by the types of occupations employed.

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